Salmonella flagella confer anti-tumor immunological effect within tumor microenvironment

Flagella play a critical role in Salmonella-mediated cancer therapy by activating host immune response through Flagellin/TLR5/NF-κB signalling pathway, indicating Flagellin’s potential application in cancer immune therapy. Credit: Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B

Salmonella mediated cancer therapy has achieved remarkable anti-tumor effects in experimental animal models, but the detailed mechanism remains unsolved. The authors of this article confirm the active involvement of the host immune response in this process by comparing the tumor-suppressive effects of Salmonellain immunocompetent and immunodeficient mice bearing melanoma allografts. Since flagella are key inducers of the host immune response during bacterial infection, flagella were genetically disrupted to analyze their involvement in Salmonella-mediated cancer therapy.

The results showed that flagellum-deficient strains failed to induce significant anti-tumor effects, even when more bacteria were administered to offset the difference in invasion efficiency. Flagella mainly activate immune cells via Flagellin/Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) signaling pathway. Indeed, we showed that exogenous activation of TLR5 signaling by recombinant Flagellin and exogenous expression of TLR5 both enhanced the therapeutic efficacy of flagellum-deficient Salmonella against melanoma.

This study highlights the therapeutic value of the interaction between Salmonella and the host immune response through Flagellin/TLR5 signaling pathway during Salmonella-mediated cancer therapy, thereby suggesting the potential application of TLR5 agonists in the cancer immune therapy.

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More information:
Jianxiang Chen et al, Salmonella flagella confer anti-tumor immunological effect via activating Flagellin/TLR5 signalling within tumor microenvironment, Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B (2021). DOI: 10.1016/j.apsb.2021.04.019

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Salmonella flagella confer anti-tumor immunological effect within tumor microenvironment (2021, August 18)
retrieved 18 August 2021

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