Britons face being banned from travelling into the EU unless they are fully vaccinated against Covid under new rules being hammered out in Brussels today.
Under the plans, which would affect any tourist from outside the bloc, the ‘white list’ of approved countries would be scrapped in favour of making travel dependent on the vaccination status of the traveller.
Those fully jabbed with an EU-approved vaccine – which includes AstraZeneca and Pfizer – would be allowed to travel freely, provided their last dose was within the last nine months. Those with ‘expired’ jabs would need a booster shot.
Children, those who have recovered from the virus, people travelling for essential reasons and those jabbed with a WHO-approved vaccine would also be allowed but may require a pre-departure PCR test, Bloomberg reports.
The rules are likely to be phased in, and take full effect by March. The same rules would then be rolled out to EU citizens travelling within the bloc from next summer.
Detailed plans are set to be published later today, and it will then be up to each member state whether to implement them.
It comes as the continent tries to control a rising wave of Covid infections, with leaders targeting the unvaccinated for the harshest measures.
Unjabbed Britons could be banned from travelling into the EU from March next year under new Covid travel curbs being considered by the bloc (file image)
Brussels is considering harsher measures on travel as the continent suffers through a winter wave of Covid that has caused virus deaths to spike
Covid cases are hitting all-time highs in many countries in Europe, as leaders rush to reimpose lockdowns and target the unvaccinated with the harshest measures
The European Commission wants to harmonise rules across the 27 EU nations to allow free movement, a cornerstone of the European Union, but is facing new restrictions as cases break records amid flagging vaccination drives.
EU governments, which will need to approve the Commission recommendation, kicked off debate on the topic on Tuesday.
Greece has proposed people should in future be able to travel freely if they have received a dose in the past six months.
Accepting that immunity wanes over time, the executive Commission is proposing that people should be considered covered if their most recent dose was within the last nine months, an EU official told Reuters.
Given most EU residents who were vaccinated received their final doses in the second and third quarters of 2021, their coverage would mostly expire by the middle of next year.
The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) on Wednesday recommended vaccine boosters for all adults, with priority for those over 40, in a major shift from its previous guidance which suggested extra doses for older people and those with weakened immune systems.
EU coordination on COVID passes, showing if a holder is fully vaccinated or has a recent negative test or recovery from infection, has allowed an easing of curbs on cross-border travel.
The passes, typically viewed on mobile devices, are issued by individual countries, but are recognised across the bloc. They are now increasingly being deployed in many EU countries for access to indoor areas such as restaurants or theatres.
Elsewhere in Europe today…
- Germany passed 100,000 Covid deaths as infections also hit a new one-day record with fears of a Christmas lockdown rising
- Europe’s combined death toll since the start of the pandemic hit 1.5 million
- Italy barred unvaccinated citizens from most indoor hospitality businesses as it tightened the rules for its health pass system
- Slovakia went back into full lockdown, with non-essential shops shut and citizens banned from leaving home except to go to work or for emergencies
- Denmark announced plans for compulsory face masks on public transport and in shops, and asked the health committee to vote the law into force
- Hospitals in the Netherlands began cancelling chemotherapy treatment and organ transplants to free up intensive care beds for Covid patients
As well as passing the 100,000 deaths mark, Germany also set a new one-day record for Covid cases with almost 76,000 infections logged in 24 hours.
Hospitals are now warning that intensive care beds are running out, with almost 4,000 already occupied by COVID-19 patients. Some hospitals in the country’s south and east have begun transferring patients to other regions.
The surge has prompted Germany’s government-in-waiting to announce the creation of a new permanent expert group to advise officials on how to tackle the pandemic.
The current government has urged people who were vaccinated more than six months ago to get boosters, while pressuring those who haven’t been inoculated to get their first shot.
Many regional leaders have already begun tightening curbs on the unvaccinated in order to drive rates up.
Officials say 68 per cent of Germany’s 83 million inhabitants are fully vaccinated, slightly above the European average of 67 per cent but far below the 75 per cent the government had targeted to prevent future waves of infection.
Angela Merkel, issuing a warning to the incoming coalition government just a day after it published a power-sharing agreement, urged immediate and drastic action to tackle the wave of infections – saying ‘every day counts’.
‘We need more contact restrictions,’ Merkel said, adding that she had ‘today clearly told’ Scholz that ‘we can still manage this transition period together and look at all necessary measures’.
Calling Thursday a ‘sad day’ over the grim death toll, Merkel, a trained scientist, said she had sought dialogue with Scholz, a Social Democrat, and the leaders of his coalition partners Greens and the libertarian FDP because of the gravity of the situation.
Under the new rules, anyone who has not been jabbed or whose last jab was more than nine months ago face a ban – unless they have a booster shot (file image)
In Italy, which has vaccinated around 73 per cent of its population, new rules were announced Wednesday which tightens the country’s ‘green pass’ system that allows people entry into indoor spaces.
Under the old system, people had to show evidence of Covid vaccination, a negative test, or previous infection to be granted entry to places such as bars, restaurants, nightclubs and cinemas.
But under the new rules, only evidence of vaccination or previous infection will be accepted. Workplaces will be exempt from the rules, but staff will have to test negative once every 48 hours at a cost of £12.60 per test.
Prime Minister Mario Draghi said the measures were necessary to ‘save Christmas’ and prevent a total lockdown of the country.
In Belgium, Prime Minister Alexander De Croo warned the latest infection data has exceeded the ‘worst possible expectations’ – signalling that measures to restrict the spread are likely to get much tougher ahead of a government meeting tomorrow.
Last week, De Croo’s government announced the reimposition of tougher Covid rules, including mandatory home working for some and compulsory mask-wearing.
Violence broke out Sunday during a 35,000-strong Brussels street protest against the measures.
Meanwhile Slovakia’s Prime Minister Eduard Heger announced a two-week lockdown of the entire country starting on Thursday after infections soared to record levels.
Slovaks are now banned from leaving home except for essential reason such as to buy food, travel to work or school, or for medical appointments.
Daily exercise and dog walking is allowed within 500 yards of home.
Businesses have been told staff must work from home where possible, with unvaccinated employees who cannot stay home ordered to regular test for the virus.
Schoolchildren will also be tested on a regular basis, and will have to wear masks while in school buildings.
Heger called the measures ‘inevitable’ and said its success ‘will depend on every single citizen.’
Elsewhere, the Dutch Hospital Association for Critical Care said some emergency treatments such as chemotherapy and organ transplants are being cancelled or delayed to free up intensive care beds for Covid patients.
The health minister has been asked to activate powers whereby treatments that typically require an overnight stay can be cancelled so that more beds can be emptied, amid warnings that hospitals will be full in a week if nothing is done.
The new measures are aimed at preventing future waves of Covid, with Slovakia (pictured) going back into full lockdown today as cases soared
Ministers held an emergency meeting on the rapidly worsening situation Wednesday night, with new lockdown measures expected to be announced Friday.
After ending most social distancing measures in late September, the Dutch government this month reintroduced mask-wearing and reimposed a partial lockdown, with bars and restaurants closing at 8 p.m.
Plans to restrict access to many public places to people who have been vaccinated or have recently recovered from COVID-19 prompted three nights of rioting from last Friday, with more than 170 people were arrested across the country.
The massive spike in COVID-19 cases in recent weeks is threatening the European Union’s recovery from the deep economic slump caused by last year’s onset of the pandemic, the bloc’s economy chief said Wednesday.
And medical experts warned that the public health situation could get much worse.
Only two weeks ago the EU executive raised its growth forecast for an economy bouncing back from the worst of the pandemic.
But EU Economy Commissioner Paolo Gentiloni said Wednesday the upbeat picture was now in doubt again amid rising infections and with restrictions being reintroduced in a growing number of member states.
The fear is that the fall forecast for 5% growth this year in the 19-nation eurozone could still be hurt by the end-of-year virus crisis.
‘Our only message is: Take the situation very seriously,’ Gentiloni said, ‘but without thinking that the economic impact will be the same one as one year ago.’
Medical experts warned of more hardship ahead, and called for urgent measures that could impact crucial sectors like the restaurant, bar and tourism industries, already badly hit by the virus last year.
New lockdowns have prompted protests and riots in Europe, with Italy the latest to impose restrictions on the unvaccinated today
Denmark has suggested bringing back mandatory facemasks, despite the country facing protests of its own in recent weeks
The European Center for Disease Prevention and Control said in a report Wednesday that the burden from the highly contagious delta variant first detected in India ‘is expected to be very high in December and January,’ unless drastic government action in taken and vaccinations tick further upward.
It all goes against initial expectations for the holiday season when it was thought that Europeans unburdened by COVID-19 restrictions would dip into their forced savings of the past year and spend, giving the economy a major shot in the arm.
Now, the ECDC warned, ‘the end-of-year festive season is traditionally associated with activities such as social gatherings, shopping and travelling, which pose significant additional risks for intensified transmission of Delta.’
ECDC Director Andrea Ammon spoke of health systems already being overwhelmed in some EU nations, and others being close to it. ‘We have to take it now really serious in the sense that measures have to be applied in order to reduce transmission.’
In the past though, this has meant lockdowns and wholesale closures of businesses that were responsible for the unprecedented economic slump.
Ammon was addressing everything from less intrusive measures such as mandatory mask wearing or remote work to lockdowns.
‘We still have some time until Christmas,’ Ammon said. ‘But if the situation doesn’t get better, it might mean that these measures should be taken over Christmas as well.’
Europe’s Christmas markets open even as Covid cases rise
The holiday tree is towering over the main square in Frankfurt, the chestnuts and sugared almonds are roasted, and kids are clambering aboard the merry-go-round just like they did before the pandemic.
But a surge in coronavirus infections has left an uneasy feeling hanging over the city’s Christmas market this year.
To savor a mug of mulled wine — an uncomplicated rite of winter in pre-pandemic times — masked customers must pass through a one-way entrance to a fenced-off wine hut, stopping at the hand sanitizer station.
Elsewhere, security officers check vaccination certificates before letting customers head for the steaming sausages and kebabs.
An overview of the main Christmas market in Frankfurt, which opened this week with Covid-safe restrictions in place
Despite the pandemic inconveniences, stall owners selling ornaments, roasted chestnuts and other holiday-themed items are relieved to be open at all for their first Christmas market in two years, especially with new restrictions taking effect in Germany, Austria and other countries as COVID-19 infections hit record highs.
Merchants who have opened are hoping for at least a fraction of the pre-pandemic holiday sales that can make or break their businesses.
Others aren’t so lucky. Many of the famous holiday events have been canceled in Germany and Austria. With the market closures goes the money that tourists would spend in restaurants, hotels and other businesses.
Jens Knauer, who crafts intricate, lighted Christmas-themed silhouettes that people can hang in windows, said his hope was simply that the Frankfurt market ‘stays open as long as possible.’
While Christmas is 40% of annual revenue for many retailers and restaurateurs, ‘with me, it’s 100%,’ Knauer said. ‘If I can stay open for three weeks, I can make it through the year.’
Purveyors are on edge after other Christmas markets were abruptly shut down in Germany’s Bavaria region, which includes Nuremberg, home of one of the biggest and best-known markets.
Stunned exhibitors in Dresden had to pack up their goods when authorities in the eastern Saxony region suddenly imposed new restrictions amid soaring infections. Austria’s markets closed as a 10-day lockdown began Monday, with many stall owners hoping they can reopen if it’s not extended.
A sign advertising a ‘Christmas Post Office’ at a market in Cologne, where children can post their letters to Santa Claus
People stroll at the Christmas market in Frankfurt as it opened this week, with stall owners hoping they can survive winter without lockdown
Markets usually attract elbow-to-elbow crowds to row upon row of ornament and food sellers, foot traffic that spills over into revenue for surrounding hotels and restaurants.
This year, the crowds at Frankfurt’s market were vastly thinned out, with the stalls spread out over a larger area.
Heiner Roie, who runs a mulled wine hut in the shape of a wine barrel, said he’s assuming he will see half the business he had in 2019.
A shutdown would cause ‘immense financial damage — it could lead to complete ruin since we haven’t made any income in two years, and at some point, the financial reserves are used up.’
But if people have a little discipline and observe the health measures, ‘I think we’ll manage it,’ he said.
Next door, Bettina Roie’s guests are greeted with a sign asking them to show their vaccination certificates at her stand serving Swiss raclette, a popular melted cheese dish.
The market ‘has a good concept because what we need is space, room, to keep some distance from each other,’ she said.
‘In contrast to a bricks-and-mortar restaurant, they have their building and their walls, but we can adjust ourselves to the circumstances.’
The extended Roie family is a fifth-generation exhibitor business that also operates the merry-go-round on Frankfurt’s central Roemerberg square, where the market opened Monday.
Roie said it was important to reopen ‘so that we can bring the people even during the pandemic a little joy — that’s what we do, we bring back joy.’
The latest spike in COVID-19 cases has unsettled prospects for Europe’s economic recovery, leading some economists to hedge their expectations for growth in the final months of the year.
A vendor puts out decorations at a Christmas market in Frankfurt
A mask-wearing visitor to Frankfurt’s Christmas market browses the decorations
Visitors look at Christmas decorations on display at the Christmas market in Frankfurt
Holger Schmieding, chief economist at Berenberg Bank in London, has cut his forecast for the last three months of the year in the 19 countries that use the euro from 0.7% to 0.5%.
But he noted that the wave of infections is having less impact across the broad economy because vaccinations have reduced serious illnesses and many companies have learned to adjust.
That is cold comfort to Germany’s DEHOGA restaurant and hotel association, which warned of a ‘hail of cancellations’ and said members were reporting every second Christmas party or other special event was being called off.
Other European countries where the pandemic isn’t hitting as hard are returning to old ways.
The traditional Christmas market in Madrid’s Plaza Mayor, in the heart of the Spanish capital, is slated to open Friday at the size it was before the pandemic.
It will have 104 stalls of nativity figures, decorations and traditional sweets in a country where 89% of those 12 or older are fully vaccinated.
Last year, it had half the number of stalls and restricted the number of people allowed in the square. Masks and social distancing will remain mandatory, organizers said.
In Hungary’s capital of Budapest, Christmas markets have been fenced off and visitors must show proof of vaccination to enter.
Gyorgy Nagy, a producer and seller of handmade glazed crockery, said the restrictions initially stirred worries of fewer shoppers. But business has been good so far.
‘I don’t think the fence is bad,’ he said. ‘At the beginning, we were scared of it, really scared, but I think it’s fine. … I don’t think it will be a disadvantage.’
An aerial view of the Christmas market in Berlin, Germany
Markets opening reflects a broader spectrum of loose restrictions in Hungary, even as new COVID-19 cases have exceeded peaks seen during a devastating surge last spring. More infections were confirmed last week than in other week since the pandemic started.
A representative for the Advent Bazilika Christmas market said a number of its measures go beyond government requirements, including that all vendors wear masks and those selling food and drinks be vaccinated.
Bea Lakatos, a seller of fragrant soaps and oils at the Budapest market, said that while sales have been a bit weaker than before the pandemic, ‘I wasn’t expecting so many foreign visitors given the restrictions.’
‘I think things aren’t that bad so far,’ she said this week. ‘The weekend started particularly strong.’
In Vienna, markets were packed last weekend as people sought some Christmas cheer before Austria’s lockdown. Merchants say closures last year and the new restrictions have had disastrous consequences.
‘The main sales for the whole year are made at the Christmas markets — this pause is a huge financial loss,’ said Laura Brechmann who sold illuminated stars at the Spittelberg market before the lockdown began. ‘We hope things will reopen, but I personally don’t really expect it.’
In Austria’s Salzkammergut region, home to ski resorts and the picturesque town of Hallstatt, the tourism industry hopes the national lockdown won’t be extended past Dec. 13 and it can recover some much-needed revenue.
Last winter’s extended lockdowns cost the tourism board alone 1 million euros ($1.12 million) just in nightly tourist tax fees during that period — not to mention the huge financial losses sustained by hotels, restaurants and ski resorts.
‘Overall, I do think that if things open up again before Christmas, we can save the winter season,’ said Christian Schirlbauer, head of tourism for the Dachstein-Salzkammergut region. ‘But it will depend on whether or not the case numbers go down.’
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